Perio Surgery

Gum recession occurs when the tissue that surrounds the teeth recede, exposing the root surface.
Over time, an exposed root surface can cause sensitivity and, if it progresses further and is left untreated, may lead to tooth loss. To avoid this and repair the damages caused by receding gums, a gum (gingival) graft may be required.  

The first step in planning the treatment of recessions is to determine their causes. There are several causes of recession, such as excessive tooth brushing, inflammation due to plaque, periodontal disease and even orthodontic tooth movement. If the cause of recession can be eliminated, it may be possible to avoid other treatment. If it cannot be eliminated, the condition may require surgical intervention.

The purpose of a gingival graft is to create an amount of attached gum tissue adequate to reduce the likelihood of further gum recession. Other purposes for this procedure are to cover exposed root surfaces, to enhance the appearance of the teeth and gum line, and to prevent or treat sensitivity or root decay. 

Connective tissue graft: The most common method used to treat gum recession. In this technique a section of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or a transplanted connective tissue from a tissue bank is used. This tissue is used to cover the exposed root where the recession has occured.